How Long do Belgian Malinois Live? (Belgian Malinois Lifespan)

A Belgian Malinois, a type of dog known as a Belgian Sheepdog and Malinois, is a working dog. It is used by the military in the United States and France and by civilian police forces. The Malinois was bred to herd sheep. It is also used for police dogs in France, Belgium, and other European countries. The Malinois was originally bred as a sheepdog and search and rescue.

It is also used in military applications; the United States military employs it as a multipurpose tool because of its intelligence and agility. Their profession requires them to be fit and healthy. Because of its canine prey drive, the Belgian Malinois must be kept fit and healthy.

How Long do Belgian Malinois Live? 

The average lifespan of a Belgian Malinois varies, depending on the individual dog. The shortest lifespan of a Belgian Malinois is around 7 years, while the longest-lived is 16 years. Males usually live longer than females. The higher life expectancy of Malinois compared to other medium-sized dogs is due to the Belgian Malinois being bred with a longer lifespan in mind.

What Health Problems does Belgian Malinois Have?

Knowing the most prevalent health problems in Belgian Malinois will help you keep your dog healthy and fit. Most of these health problems are minor and most often do not affect the quality of life of the dog.

The most common health problems of Belgian Malinois include:

Hip and Elbow Dysplasia

Hip and elbow dysplasia is a genetic disease seen in Belgian Malinois, German Shepherd, Rottweiler, and other dogs. It is unknown whether it is contagious or hereditary, but some research suggests it may be hereditary. Hip dysplasia in a Belgian Malinois can cause pain, lameness, and arthritis. Hip arthritis in a Belgian Malinois can cause the dog to limp or limp on one or two legs.

The hip may also be out of place, causing pain in the dog when walking. It is important to have your dog examined by a veterinarian before breeding them. Misplaced joints can cause arthritis, leading to other problems such as bone degeneration and possible deformity.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

There is no known way to prevent causing PRA. However, several treatments, such as eye drops and laser surgery, can help with the dog’s vision. Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) is a hereditary disease that can cause blindness in dogs. The symptoms are:

  • The slow deterioration of vision.
  • Changes in night vision.
  • Sensitivity to light.
  • Changes in the dog’s eyes.

There is no known cause of PRA. . Some dogs may have only mild symptoms while others have severe problems with their vision. Dogs with PRA often do not have pain when examined, making it difficult for them to get the proper eye care needed for their condition.

Anesthesia Sensitivity

Many dogs have problems breathing due to anesthesia, and in some cases, it can be deadly for your dog. They may not wake up when you call them or may wake up a couple of minutes later. This is often difficult to tell because they may look like they are still sleeping.


Dogs can become obese for different causes. Obesity can be due to a lack of exercise, feeding, and socialization with other dogs. Dogs not exercised enough, fed for the wrong reason, or with poor socialization skills will become overweight.

Often an overweight dog may be put on a diet that doesn’t work, so it is important to consult with your veterinarian if you notice your dog gaining weight. Obesity can also be a sign of other conditions, such as hypothyroidism.

How to Care for a Belgian Malinois?

As with any other dog breed, the care required for a Belgian Malinois varies with each dog. Any given dog will have different requirements for his care and needs than other dogs of the same breed. A Malinois regularly will ensure that they look good and healthy.


The Malinois is a high-energy dog that thrives on enough exercise, whether playing with other people or at home. The amount of exercise a Malinois needs will depend on many factors, including size and breed. However, the nature of the breed requires the owner to provide around 45 minutes of activity daily.

To achieve this activity requirement, owners will want to play with their dogs by playing fetch or Frisbee. Many dogs that work together as working dogs will enjoy long walks with their owner. For dogs working in obedience, keeping up with their owner training also requires long walks together.


The Malinois is a food-driven dog. Owners will want to feed their dogs several times per day, as frequently as possible. The best way to ensure the dog gets all of his nutrition is to feed him at least twice daily. He will also need a good diet to maintain optimal health and nutrition.


The Malinois is a dog that requires regular grooming. This breed requires clipping the toenails and ear tips. Owners will also want to groom their dogs regularly to ensure they do not have any matted fur or mats on their skin. This can lead to discomfort and skin infections, which can be avoided with regular grooming.

Nails should be trimmed as often as once a week, and the ears should be trimmed once every month. The Malinois will benefit from a bath every six weeks. However, dogs with dandruff or dry skin may need more frequent bathing to maintain healthy skin without irritation.

Schedule your dog groomer with advice from your vet because external parasites such as fleas, ticks, and mites can affect your dog’s health. Owners should also take advantage of a professional grooming session every few months to help keep their dogs looking good.

Care and Socialization with Other Dogs

The Malinois is a working dog that often lives with other dogs and pets in apartments. Though this breed is not known for fighting, it can still be aggressive and may not be the best choice to live with other dogs as a puppy or adult. Malinois that do not have working jobs are often slower to establish social relationships with other dogs and can become territorial.


The Malinois is a high-energy, energetic dog that loves to work. They are also low maintenance, grooming can be easy, and they are fairly healthy dogs, making them good choices for many owners. I hope you like this article, and you will share your experience with me. I will be happy to hear from you and keep in touch with new updates on this article.

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